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By Jared Picco
February 7, 2010
2nd Grade
Mr. Saulino

I am going to share elephants.  Elephants are the largest living land animals.  There are 3 species of elephants living today.  They are: the African Bush Elephant, the African Forest Elephant and the Asian Elephant (also known as the Indian Elephant).

African Elephant                                                              Asian Elephant

At birth the baby elephant calf can weigh up to 260 pounds.  Elephants typically live for 50 to 70 years.  The oldest elephant on record was 82 years old.

Baby elephant with her mother

The largest elephant ever recorded weighed 26,000 pounds.  In 2007 there were between 470,000 and 690,000 African elephants living in the wild and about 60,000 Asian elephants living in the wild.



Elephants eat leaves, tree bark, fruit, grasses and herbs.  An adult elephant will eat 300 to 600 pounds of food each day.  It can take an elephant up to 16 hours to eat this much food.

Elephant eating leaves from a tree



Elephants use their trunks for many different things.  They use them for putting food in their mouths.  They use them for drinking water.  They use them for smelling and they use them for breathing when they are swimming.

Elephant using its trunk to breathe while swimming

An elephant’s trunk can hold up to 15 quarts of water.  By raising the trunk up in the air, moving it from side to side and smelling an elephant can determine the location of friends and food.



An elephant’s tusks will continuously grow about 7 inches per year.  The African elephant tusks can grow to 10 feet in length and weigh over 200 pounds.  The Asian elephant tusks are much thinner and lighter.  The heaviest Asian elephant tusk on record is 86 pounds.

Elephant Tusks


Class Questions

  1. How many quarts of water can an elephant hold in its trunk?
  2. How many pounds can baby elephant calf weigh?
  3. How old was the oldest elephant on record?


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Last modified: 05/31/09